英语句子,英语句子类型分类?

知识建构:
简略句:只包括一个主语(或并列62616964757a686964616fe4b893e5b19e31333433643138主语)和一个谓语(或并列谓语)的句子,称作简略句。
简略句的基础句型:简略句有以下5种基础句型。
1. 主语+ 不及物动词
例:It is raining heavily.
My tooth aches.
2. 主语 + 及物动词 + 宾语
例:They enjoy the play.
I met John in the street yesterday.
3. 主语 + 系动词 + 表语
例:He is out.
Jenny is fine.
It looks like rain, soon.
4 主语 + 及物动词 + 双宾语
例:He bought her a watch.
The sun gives us light.
注意:双宾语一个指人(即间接宾语),另一个指物(即直接宾语)。一般间接宾语位于直接宾语的前面,有时它们也可交流地位,这是须要在间接宾语的前面加上介词to 或for 。
常见的双宾语构造:bring sb. sth (bring sth to sb). give sb. sth (give sth to sb.)
hand sb. sth (hand sth to sb.) leave sb. sth (leave sth.to sb)
lend sb. sth (lend sth to sb) pass sb sth (pass sth to sb)
return sb. sth (return sth to sb) send sb sth (send sth to sb)
show sb sth (show sth. to sb.) tell sb sth (tell sth to sb )
write sb sth (write sth to sb ) buy sb sth (buy sth for sb )
do sb sth (do sth for sb ) get sb sth (get sth for sb )
make sb. sth (make sth for sb) pay sb. sth (pay sth for sb)
sing sb sth (sing sth for sb )
5. 主语 + 及物动词 + 宾语 + 补足语
例:She found him a very clever student.
I make it a rule to get up early in the morning.
注意:当宾语意思表达不完全时,须要用不足与弥补阐明宾语的状况、性质等。用作宾语补足语的通常著名词、形容词、动词不定式等。当谓语动词为see, hear , watch, feel 等感官动词或者let, have , make 等使役动词时,如果不定式作宾语补足语,必需省略to。
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